Compartment Syndrome is a collection of symptoms that commonly occurs after trauma or chronic inflammation to a muscle compartment. The muscular tissue is housed within a tight fibrous material called fascia. When the damaged tissue becomes edematous and swells within the enclosed compartment the pressure increases eventually cutting off blood supply and leading to the 6 P’s of Compartment Syndrome.
Pain, Pallor, Paresthesias, Poikilothermia, Pulselessness, and Paralysis.
Diagnosis is made clinically or by measuring an intracompartmental pressure >30 mmHg.
Treatment is commonly through urgent fasciotomy. A large incision is made through the fascia to release the pressure.